Taunton Industry

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An industrial tradition within the Knighton Heath Period of the British middle Bronze Age that flourished in the period 1400–1200bc and is named after a large hoard of metalwork found in the grounds of the Taunton workhouse, Somerset, in 1877. Comparable hoards have been found at Bishopsland, Co. Kildare, in Ireland, and this stage is sometimes referred to as the Taunton–Bishopsland Industry in western parts of the British Isles. The Taunton Industry is characterized by local copying of imported continental objects, especially ornaments such as twisted torcs, armlets, lozenge‐section penannulars, ribbed bracelets, cones, coiled finger‐rings, and many different kinds of pin. Tools and weapons also benefited from these wider influences, especially the introduction of the basal‐looped spearhead with leaf‐shaped blades. The presence of so many ornaments and the continental connections led M. A. Smith to suggest in 1959 that the Taunton material in Britain was part of a widespread north European phenomenon known as the ornament horizon that could be linked with phase III and IV of Montelius' scheme for Scandinavia, Reinecke D, and Hallstatt A1/A2 in central Europe. In 1980, Colin Burgess argued that Smith's dating should be revised backwards in time to connect at least in part with Montelius IIb–c, so that a longer period of European contact can be envisaged. Also known as the Barton Bendish Industry or the Glentool Industry.

Subjects: Archaeology.

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