(d. ca. 1023)
Baghdadi writer and philosopher. Studied jurisprudence, grammar, philosophy, belles-lettres, and Sufism. Through his broad knowledge and commentaries on his contemporaries, his work illustrates the lively intellectual milieu and diffusion of philosophical ideas in Baghdad during the late tenth and early eleventh centuries. He explored philosophical issues through ornate prose. He did not view philosophy as the sole means to truth, asserting that revelation, not reason, is the source of religious belief.