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The ancient capital of the Gandhāra region, known in Sanskrit.as ‘Takṣaśilā’ and in Pāli as ‘Takkasilā’. It is described in Buddhist sources as a great centre of commerce and learning, visited by merchants and scholars from all around. At the university there students were taught the vedas and the eighteen traditional Indian arts and sciences, including archery and swordsmanship.

Subjects: Buddhism.

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