Elizabeth Taylor

(b. 1932) American actress, born in England

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(1932– )

US actress, whose long list of husbands is only exceeded by the long list of her films.

Born in London to American parents, Taylor was taken to Hollywood at the outbreak of World War II. Her first films, There's One Born Every Minute (1942), Lassie Come Home (1943), and National Velvet (1944), made her a child star.

As an adult she was nominated for Academy Awards for Raintree County (1957), Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958), and Suddenly Last Summer (1959), and received Oscars for Butterfield 8 (1960) and Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1966). In the latter she co-starred with Richard Burton, whom she had married two years earlier. The Burton–Taylor partnership, which began on the set of the extravagant Cleopatra (1963), became one of the world's most publicized relationships. Their other films together included The VIPs (1963), The Taming of the Shrew (1967), and Under Milk Wood (1971). Before Burton, Taylor had been married to hotelier Nick Hilton, actor Michael Wilding (1912–79), producer Mike Todd (1907–58), and singer Eddie Fisher (1928– ). She and Burton were divorced briefly but subsequently remarried and redivorced. She has been married twice since. Taylor and Burton came together for the last time professionally on stage in Private Lives (1983). Her most recent films include Winter Kills (1985). In the 1980s and 1990s she has been a dedicated campaigner for AIDS charities.

Subjects: Music Theatre — Contemporary History (Post 1945).

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