One of the two major divisions of the Viśiṣṭādvaita (Śri Vaiṣṇava) school of philosophy. It was formed in the13th century ce, largely as the result of differing interpretations of Rāmānuja's prapatti (‘surrender’) doctrine. Referred to as the ‘southern’ division, and associated with the theologian Piḷḷai Lokācāriyar, the Teṉkalai regarded liberation as totally dependent on the freely given grace (prasāda) of the deity, a position compared to a cat picking up its kittens, regardless of their will. The geographical focus of the Teṉkalai tradition, and its major tīrtha, is the great temple complex of Śrīraṅgam in Tamil Nadu. A sub-group of Teṉkalais, the Sāttāda Śrī Vaiṣṇavas, has been active since the 15th century. See also Vaṭakalai.