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Ten Years' Conflict


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(1834–43).

The struggle in the Church of Scotland which culminated in the Disruption. Lay patronage had long been a grievance in Scotland, and in 1834 the General Assembly passed the Veto Act obliging presbyteries to reject a patron's presentee if he was vetoed by a majority of the ‘male heads of families’. Disappointed patrons and presentees appealed to the Court of Session in Edinburgh and ultimately to the House of Lords, both of which condemned the Veto Act as ultra vires. The ‘Non-intrusionists’, led by T. Chalmers, concluded that the State connection was no longer in the interests of religion and in 1843 over a third of the ministers of the Church withdrew to form the Free Church of Scotland.

Subjects: Christianity.


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