territorial seas

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The coastal waters together with the sea bed beneath them and the air space above them, over which a state claims sovereignty. Most countries claim twelve nautical miles. In 1983, the Law of the Sea Convention proposed a 200-nautical-mile exclusive economic zone, but most nations are less than 400 nautical miles apart, so a median line is drawn between the baselines of the states concerned.

Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography.

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