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tertiary industry


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Economic activity concerned with the sale and use of economic goods and services; service industry. Economically advanced countries have a high proportion of employment in services: USA 75.3%; Britain 72.6%, France 72.4%, Germany 69.2%, Japan 68.1%. See Daniels, O'Connor, and Hutton (1991) Growth and Change 22, 4 on the planning response to service-sector growth in urban areas.

China's employment statistics indicate that industrialization in developing countries may also be accompanied by a percentage rise in services.The corresponding decline of primary and secondary industries in advanced economies has ushered in the post-industrial era.

1978

1989

1997

2002

% employed in primary industry

70.5

60.1

49.9

50.1

% employed in secondary industry

17.3

21.6

23.7

21.4

% employed in tertiary industry

12.3

18.3

26.4

28.6

Source: National Bureau of Statistics of China, China Statistics Yearbook (2003).

Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography.


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