Small cave (the name means ‘stone with an opening’) high in the west Himalayas south of Samarkand, where excavations directed by A. P. Okladnikov in 1938–9 brought to light the skeleton of a Neanderthal boy aged about 8. Dating to about 440 000 years ago, the site shows evidence of careful ritual and ceremony in connection with the burial, as the horn cores of Siberian mountain goats had been driven into the ground around the grave pit. Five levels containing flint tools of Mousterian tradition were found in the cave, together with bones of wild sheep and goats.
H. L. Movius, 1953, The Mousterian cave of Teshik‐Tash, southeastern Uzbekistan, central Asia. Cambridge, MA: American School of Prehistoric Research, Peabody Museum