(b Milan, 9 or 19 Feb 1889; d Milan, 17 March 1976). Italian soprano and director. She studied in Verona and made her début as a mezzo-soprano at Prato in 1904; in 1909 she sang Mignon at La Fenice, Venice. After appearances in Prague, Vienna, St Petersburg and other centres as Adalgisa, Léonor (La favorite), Amneris and Charlotte, she became a soprano and a leading exponent of the verismo repertory. She created Jael in Ildebrando Pizzetti's Dèbora e Jaéle at La Scala (1922) and continued to appear in Milan until 1936 in roles that included Salome, Electra and Orsola in the première of Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari's Il campiello. She was the first Italian Composer in Ariadne auf Naxos (1925, Turin), and sang the title role in the Italian première of Arthur Honegger's Judith (1937, Naples). She left the stage in 1940 and worked as a director in Florence, Bologna and Milan, then returned to sing Orsola in her own production of Il campiello in Cagliari (1949) and Palermo (1950).
From The Grove Book of Opera Singers in Oxford Reference.