The district where, in ad 9, the army of Quinctilius Varus was destroyed on the march from summer to winter quarters. Its location was until very recently the subject of much speculation. However, striking archaeological discoveries (esp. of coins, legionary weaponry, and the usual impedimenta of a full Roman army on the march—including artillery and surgical equipment) now appear to confirm Mommsen's suggestion that the battle took place north of Osnabrück. Study of the remains of barricades reveals the skill of the German commanders in harassing, frustrating, and exhausting the Roman troops as they marched through a depression between a hillside and a moor.
Subjects: Classical Studies.