Ernst Thälmann


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(b. 16 Apr. 1886, d. 18 Aug. 1944).

German Communist leader An unskilled worker from Hamburg, he joined the SPD in 1903, co‐founded the Independent Socialist Party (USPD) in 1917, and the Communist Party (KPD) in 1920. A member of the Hamburg parliament (1919–33), Thälmann became KPD leader in 1921. He received around 1.9 million votes in the presidential elections of 1925, and around five million in 1932. Under the Nazis, he was imprisoned in solitary confinement for eleven years before he was executed at the Buchenwald concentration camp.

Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

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