(b Naumburg, 29 July 1646; d Naumburg, 24 June 1724). German composer and theorist. He was a valued pupil of Schütz. His compositions include masses in the stile antico, concertato motets, a St Matthew Passion (1673)—one of the earliest to involve commentary arias—and the opera Adam und Eva (1678), for the opening of the Theater am Gänsemarkt in Hamburg. His most famous theory treatise was his Musikalisches Kunst-Buch, which may have prompted Bach to compose The Art of Fugue.
From The Oxford Companion to Music in Oxford Reference.