Antiochene exegete and theologian. From 392 he was Bp. of Mopsuestia (in southern Turkey). In his biblical commentaries he used critical, philological, and historical methods, rejecting the Alexandrian use of allegorical interpretation. His teaching on the Incarnation was condemned at the Councils of Ephesus (431) and Constantinople (553), but the recovery of some of his works preserved in Syriac has shown that he has sometimes been unjustly judged; his Christological terminology is imprecise. See also Three Chapters, The.