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Those in the 5th and 6th cents. who held that, in view of the unity of the Incarnate Christ, it could be said that God had suffered. The first controversy on the subject arose when Peter the Fuller added the phrase ‘who was crucified for us’ to the Trisagion, which he and other Monophysites regarded as a Christological hymn; the addition was condemned by the Catholics who regarded it as addressed to the Trinity. The second centred on the formula ‘One of the Trinity suffered in the flesh’, first defended by a group of Scythian monks at Constantinople in 519. It was rejected by the Patr. of Constantinople and (with some hesitation) by Pope Hormisdas, but upheld by the Emp. Justinian and Pope John II. The Second Council of Constantinople in 553 anathematized those who denied that Christ, who was crucified in the flesh, was one of the Trinity.

Subjects: Christianity.

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