(Rus., ‘Feofan Grek’) (bc.1330; dc.1410).
Painter from Constantinople, active mainly in Russia. Several fresco cycles by him are recorded in early sources, but only part of one survives, in the church of the Transfiguration at Novgorod (1378). Although fragmentary, this is one of the outstanding monuments of Russian medieval art, showing the highly personal version of the Byzantine style that Theophanes brought to Russia: his figures are vigorous and strongly characterized, and his brushwork has an almost impressionistic freedom and dash. The other main works associated with him are a series of nine large icons (c.1405) in the Cathedral of the Annunciation, Moscow. According to a contemporary source Theophanes was also famous as a manuscript illuminator. No signed or documented work in this field is known by him, but several examples have been attributed to him on stylistic grounds. He made a great impression on painting in Novgorod and Moscow in the 15th century, notably on Rublev.
Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Art.