(1852–1921). German architect and teacher, much affected by Sem-per's ideas. He was one of the most influential architects in Southern Germany, designing many important buildings, some in a Rundbogenstil, and others in a Classical style combining the Neo-Classicism and Renaissance influences so common in C19 Germany. Among his works are the Munich Palace of Justice (1887–97 and 1902–5), the remodelling of the Kurhaus (Cure House for the Spa), Wiesbaden (1904–7), originally designed by Johann Christian Zais (1770–1820) in a simplified Palladian style, and the Festhalle, Frankfurt-am-Main (1906–9). His pupils included Bonatz, Theodor Fischer, W. Gropius, Ernst May, and Tessenow. His brother, August (1843–1916), was also an architect, and influenced ecclesiastical design: his best work was the Church of St Ursula, Munich (1894–7— in a Renaissance Revival style).
From A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture in Oxford Reference.