Thirty Years Peace

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Agreement between Sparta and Athens in 446, which ended the First Peloponnesian War after c.15 years. Its exact terms are unknown, but by it Athens (after a recent defeat at Coronea in Boeotia abandoned its recent land acquisitions (Nisaea, Pegae, Troezen, Achaea, and esp. Boeotia), effectively in return for a free hand with revolted Euboea. Armed attacks were renounced if the other side was prepared to go to arbitration. There was possibly a general clause stipulating autonomy; at least, the Aeginetans were to complain that theirs had been infringed. Argos and other cities not included in the treaty could join whichever side they liked. There was no general clause of 446 recognizing possessions as they then stood, i.e. acknowledging the existence of the Athenian empire. Much of our evidence for the Peace comes from the late 430s, in the run‐up to the main Peloponnesian War, when the question arose whether Athens had broken the Peace.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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