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; class Aves, order Passeriformes)

A family of fairly small, brightly coloured birds, which have short to medium, rather conical bills, short to long wings, short to medium-length tails, and short legs. The nine Piranga species are typical, mainly red birds, some males of which have black wings, white wing bars, and yellow, grey, or green bodies; the females are yellow-green; many Tangara species, of which there are about 47, are brilliant blue with black face patches. Tanagers inhabit forests and bushes, feed on fruit and insects, and nest in trees and bushes. The nests of euphonias (25 Euphonia species) are enclosed with a side entrance and built in trees. There are 57 genera in the family, with about 250 species, many kept as cage birds, found in N., Central, and S. America.

Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences.

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