A distinguished lawyer who appeared with success in several important constitutional cases. He was solicitor‐general 1770, attorney‐general 1771–8, and became lord chancellor as Baron Thurlow in 1778. He was a formidable presence on the woolsack and dominated the House of Lords. Except during Fox's ministry of 1783 he remained lord chancellor until 1792, but he alienated Pitt by intriguing with the prince of Wales during the Regency crisis of 1788–9.
Subjects: British History.