thyroid gland disorders

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Two common categories are cretinism and adult hypothyroidism, generally associated with iodine deficiency, and thyrotoxicosis or hyperthyroidism, which may be secondary to pituitary or suprarenal gland dysfunction or a primary disease of the thyroid, which is an autoimmune disease characterized by abnormally high metabolic rate, fast pulse, often exophthalmos, menstrual irregularity or cessation, excitability, hyperactivity, and weight loss. This is a life-threatening disease formerly treated by surgical removal of much of the thyroid gland, now usually by medication, including sometimes radioactive iodine.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.

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