(b Bakersfield, Calif., 1896; d NY, 1960).
Amer. baritone. Began career as actor, then sang in light opera. Opera début Los Angeles 1923 (Amonasro in Aida). NY Met 1923. Made name as Ford in Falstaff, NY Met 1925. S. Francisco Opera 1927–49; Chicago 1936–46. CG début 1937. Sang at Met until 1950. Outstanding as Iago and in other Verdi roles, and Puccini roles. Sang in early recording of extracts from Porgy and Bess. Made several films. Equally popular as concert singer. Autobiography The Glory Road (NY 1933).