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treaty of Tien-Tsin


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1858.

The second Opium War began in October 1856 when the Chinese authorities at Canton seized the British‐registered Arrow. In June 1856 at Tien‐Tsin, the Chinese agreed to receive a British diplomat at Peking, open up more treaty ports, pay an indemnity, and legalize the opium trade. A punitive expedition to Peking in 1860 forced the confirmation of the terms, and Kowloon, opposite Hong Kong, was ceded in perpetuity.

Subjects: British History.


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