treaty of Tien-Tsin

Show Summary Details

Quick Reference


The second Opium War began in October 1856 when the Chinese authorities at Canton seized the British‐registered Arrow. In June 1856 at Tien‐Tsin, the Chinese agreed to receive a British diplomat at Peking, open up more treaty ports, pay an indemnity, and legalize the opium trade. A punitive expedition to Peking in 1860 forced the confirmation of the terms, and Kowloon, opposite Hong Kong, was ceded in perpetuity.

Subjects: British History.

Reference entries

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.