American architect. He opened his office in Chicago, IL, in 1964 and produced designs reminiscent of the works of Mies van der Rohe and Skidmore, Owings, & Merrill (for which firm he previously had worked). Later he became interested in metaphors expressed in architecture, as in the Daisy House, Porter, IN (1975–7), built for the owner of a striptease-club and suggesting something of Ledoux's phallic imagery. His growing eclecticism reflects his acknowledgement of the pluralist nature of the USA, and his The Architecture of Exile (1988) revealed his interest in reconstructions of the Temple of Solomon and in Judaeo-Christian architectural traditions. His Powerhouse Museum for the Commonwealth Eddison Electric Company, Zion, IL (1988–92), evokes the basilican form as well as many-layered imagery giving a host of meanings to the structure. His controversial architecture, seen by him as a language and system of signs, has been much debated.
ARe, clv/7 (1974), 120–2, clvii/4 (1975), 83–90, lx/9 (1976), 111–18;A&U, lxvii (1976), 71–120;Doumato (1986);Kalman (1994);Ingraham (1989);Klotz (1988);S&S (1976);Stern (1977);Jane Turner (1996);Tigerman (1982);Underhill (ed.) (1989);van Vynckt (ed.) (1993)
Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art — Architecture.