The abbreviation for The Institute for Genomic Research, a not-for-profit research institute whose primary concern is the comparative analysis of the genomes of prokaryotes and eukaryotes of genetic interest. TIGR was founded in 1992 by J. Craig Venter, and it became the world's largest DNA sequencing institute of that time. The first two bacterial genomes were worked out at TIGR. However, in 1998 Venter left TIGR to set up an even larger facility at Celera (q.v.), and his wife, Claire M. Fraser, took the reins at TIGR. See Chronology, 1995, Fleischmann, Venter, and Fraser; Master Web Sites; Haemophilus influenzae, Mycoplasma.
Subjects: Genetics and Genomics.