(c. 450—360 bc)

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(c.450–360 bc),

of Miletus, famous citharode and dithyrambic poet. The comic poet Pherecrates speaks of him raping Music with his twelve‐stringed lyre. He defeated the citharode Phrynis c.420. In a papyrus of the 4th cent. there survive large parts of his Persians, a citharodic nomos (see music, 3), for which Euripides wrote the prologue. It is an account of the battle of Salamis mainly from a Persian point of view (see salamis, battle of). The passages in which a shipwrecked Persian struggles for his life or the Persians invoke their homeland or beseech the victors in broken Greek give an esp. lively picture of the events and are a sign of the mimetic character of the music. In the final lines Timotheus proclaims the newness of his art. Persians is astrophic (see dithyramb) and polymetrical. His music and language are said to have influenced Euripides.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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