The oldest stage of the central European Copper Age (3300–3100bc) named after a cemetery at Tiszapolgá‐Basatanya in eastern Hungary. Settlements are generally short‐lived and small, although a few occupied tells are known. Most distinctive are the burial sites which, unlike those of its southeast European neighbours, are separate from contemporary settlements and seem to have been established communally to serve several farmsteads. Pottery is almost exclusively undecorated, including tall pedestalled bowls. Copper tools include axe‐hammers, chisels, and awls; flint was widely used too, some of it brought from north of the Carpathians.