A particular instance of some generic form (a type). In linguistics, each individual example of the occurrence of a particular word (sometimes including its inflections or variants). In the sentence, ‘rose is a rose is a rose’, there are three types (rose, is, a) and three tokens of the word rose. The medium used may determine whether a text (e.g. a painting) is a type which is its own sole token (unique original) or simply one token amongst many of its type (a copy without an original), e.g. a printed reproduction of that painting. The type-token ratio refers to how many different words there are in a text in relation to the total wordcount.
Subjects: Media Studies.