Mycenaean and later settlement on the Lekythos promontory overlooking the north Aegean. Mycenaean pottery suggests that the site was already one of the main ports on the trade routes along the north Aegean coast in the 2nd millennium bc, while a rich cemetery of 11th–10th century bc date attests activity in the early Iron Age. The Athenians controlled the town through the 5th century bc, but in 423 bc it was seized by the Spartan general Brasidas. Philip annexed the city in 349 bc, and it was the Macedonians who fortified the acropolis in the 4th century bc. Torone prospered as a port when trade between Thessaloniki and Constantinople intensified in the 5th and 6th centuries ad, and a number of early Christian churches were built in the town.
A. Cambitoglou, J. K. Papadopoulos, and T. J. Owen, 2001, Torone I: the excavations of 1975, 1976 and 1978. Athens: Athenais Archaiologikes Hetaireias