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'Toryism' can also refer to...

ABROOCK, Torys - Glass painter

‘Adapt to the Future.’ The Tory Remaking of Wales, 1979–97

The Algebraic Cobordism Ring of Toric Varieties

The Attraction of Tory Democracy: Keith Feiling

Barrie [formerly Barry], Michael Maltman (1842-1909), journalist and tory-Marxist

Bunches of cones in the divisor class group—a new combinatorial language for toric varieties

Central L-Values and Toric Periods for GL(2)

The Coherent–Constructible Correspondence for Toric Deligne–Mumford Stacks

Colonial Emigration, Public Policy, and Tory Romanticism, 1783–1830

Corrigendum to ‘Torasemide in chronic heart failure: results of the TORIC study’ [Eur. J. Heart Fail. 4 (2002) 507–513]☆

Democratising Conservative Leadership Selection: From Grey Suits to Grass RootsChoosing the Tory Leader: Conservative Party Leadership Elections from Heath to Cameron

Denis Smith. Rogue Tory: The Life and Legend of John G. Diefenbaker. Paperback edition. Toronto: Macfarlane Walter & Ross. 1998. Pp. xiii, 702. $24.96


Devolution and the Limits of Tory Statecraft: The Conservative Party in Coalition and Scotland and Wales

Dishing the Whigs: Disraeli, Salisbury, and the Relaunching of the Tory Party 1846–86

E. Tory Higgins

“Federalists and Tories Carrying Everything With A High Hand”

Floer Cohomology of Torus Fibers and Real Lagrangians in Fano Toric Manifolds

Generalized toric arieties for simple nonrational convex polytopes

Geoffroy Tory (c. 1480—1553)

Geofroy Tory (c. 1480—1533)

Gifford, John [formerly John Richards Green] (1758-1818), tory political writer

Henry Marshall Tory (1864—1947)

Holomorphic Line Bundles on Projective Toric Manifolds from Lagrangian Sections of their Mirrors by SYZ Transformations

Horse-Shoe Robinson: A Tale of the Tory Ascendancy

Horse-Shoe Robinson: A Tale of the Tory Ascendancy

‘Incipient Toryism’? The Women's Social and Political Union and the Independent Labour Party, 1903–14

The Indian Summer of Restoration Anglicanism: Queen Anne and the Tory Revival

Integral Chow Rings of Toric Stacks

‘Jobbing with Tory and Liberal’: Irish Nationalists and the Politics of Patronage 1880–1914*


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Quick Reference

More than just a colloquial synonym for Conservatism, the word Tory is older. Derived from the Irish for ‘pursuer’, it was applied first to Catholic outlaws in mid‐seventeenth‐century Ireland, as in a proclamation of 1647 about ‘roberies…comitted by the Tories and Rebells upon the Protestants’. It was then applied by their enemies to those who opposed the exclusion of the Catholic James, later James II, from the throne (‘the Word Tory was entertained, which signified the most despicable Savages among the Wild Irish’). From this it settled during the eighteenth century into meaning the party which was more pro‐royalist, more in favour of the privileges of the established Church, and less in favour of parliamentary supremacy, than its Whig rival. In the American Revolution, those who remained loyal to the king and the colonial administration (many of whom fled to Canada) were called ‘Tories’ because they often were.

‘Conservative’ superseded ‘Tory’ as the official title of the party in the mid‐nineteenth century. Apart from its colloquial uses, however, Toryism survives as a useful label for a particular strand of Conservatism. It was classically characterized by Samuel Beer in Modern British Politics (1965), who opens by recording that Sir John Anderson warned his fellow‐Conservatives in 1947, in the words of Shakespeare's Ulysses, ‘Take but degree away, untune that string, | And hark, what discord follows’ (Troilus, I. iii. 109).' (Michael Portillo, then one of the leaders of the intellectual right of the Conservative Party, quoted the same passage in early 1994.) In Beer's characterization, Tory thought is concerned with preserving existing hierarchies and traditions, because they are thought to protect social order. This may be reflected in such diverse policy areas as defending the establishment of the Church of England, promoting Shakespeare and/or Christianity in schools, and reinstating Rutland County Council.

Subjects: modern history (1700 to 1945) — politics.

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