‘Additions’ to the Babylonian Talmud; the glosses, now printed together with the text in practically all editions, produced by the French and German scholars during the twelfth to the fourteenth centuries. The Tosafot activity, in which the Talmud was examined minutely and in such a manner as to further the debates and discussions found in that work, began among the members of the family and pupils of Rashi. The Tosafists flourished in northern France, England, and Germany, the two best-known of the three hundred or so practitioners being Rashi's grandson, Rabbenu Tam, and the latter's nephew, Isaac of Dampierre. There are various collections of Tosafot, the printers of the Talmud selecting from those they had to hand in order to incorporate these into the published work. There is also a collection of Tosafot to the Pentateuch, known as Daat Zekenim (Opinion of The Elders) but this work is far less influential than the glosses to the Talmud.
Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies.