total archaeology

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A term popularized by Christopher Taylor in 1974 to describe archaeological surveys that develop a dia‐chronic understanding of an area (for example, a parish or county) but drawing on the fullest possible range of sources, including field archaeology, the examination of historical sources and records, the study of place‐names, the critical use of early maps and plans, and, where appropriate, the integration of folklore and local tradition. Such an approach was found to provide very detailed insights into the evolution of selected tracts of landscape, especially for the post‐Roman period, and proved an important step in the development of more broadly based traditions of landscape archaeology.

Subjects: Archaeology.

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