Tower of the Winds

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An octagonal building at Athens, still existing, erected at some time in the period 100–50 bc by Andronicus of Cyrrhus; known originally as the Horlogion (Timepiece). The building was surmounted by a weathervane, with a pointer that would indicate one of the eight sides, each of which carried a sculpture personifying the wind in question. Several sides also carried sundials, and research suggests that the interior contained a water-driven device, more complex than a simple clepsydra (water-clock), that rotated continuously to indicate the current aspect of the heavens.

Subjects: Meteorology and Climatology.

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