A systemic zoonotic infection of mammals and birds caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii, transmitted to humans in cat feces or poorly cooked meat. It may be latent or asymptomatic, but it usually causes a mild influenza-like illness with lymphadenopathy that can be serious in immunocompromised persons. Infection during pregnancy can cause congenital toxoplasmosis, and although most infants are unaffected or have very mild disease, stillbirth, severe malformations of the skull and eyes, or active infection in the liver can occur. Infection can be detected by serology, and pregnant women can be treated with antibiotics such as spiramycin. See http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dpd/parasites/toxoplasmosis/factsht_toxoplasmosis.htm.
Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.