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An acrobatic sport comprising aerial manoeuvres based on balancing upon and jumping on a springy mat in a piece of apparatus known as the trampoline, from the Spanish trampolin, meaning ‘diving board’. The sport became popular initially in the USA, and then in Western European countries, after forms of equipment aiding jumping and tumbling were devised for acrobats. It was first known in England, when introduced in the 1960s, as ‘rebound tumbling’. An international federation was formed in 1964, and the sport aspired to be accepted into the Olympics for the 1976 Montreal Games, but was not accepted into the programme until Sydney 2000. It is a sport that has a buoyant profile at its recreational levels, in family gardens, as well as at organized and competitive levels, from local institutions such as clubs and schools, to the Olympic levels, in which Chinese men and women won China's first trampolining gold medals at the Beijing 2008 Olympics.

Subjects: Sport and Leisure.

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