trans effect

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An effect in the substitution of inorganic square-planar complexes, in which certain ligands in the original complex are able to direct the incoming ligand into the trans position. The order of ligands in decreasing trans-directing power is:CN > NO2 > I > Br > Cl > NH3 > H2O.

CN > NO2 > I > Br > Cl > NH3 > H2O.

Subjects: Chemistry.

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