1 In psychoanalysis, a category of psychoneuroses comprising anxiety hysteria, conversion hysteria, and obsessional neurosis. It is distinguished from narcissistic neurosis because libido is not withdrawn into the ego but is displaced or transferred on to external instinctual objects. Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) expounded his taxonomy of neuroses to include transference neurosis in 1916–17 in his book Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis (Standard Edition, XV-XVI, at pp. 387–91).
2 More specifically, the artificial psychoneurosis that develops during psychoanalytic therapy, the interpretation (2) of which is one of the techniques of psychoanalysis. In his article on ‘Remembering, Repeating and Working-Through’ (1914) Freud claimed that ‘we regularly succeed in giving all the symptoms of the illness a new transference meaning and in replacing his [the patient's] ordinary neurosis by a “transference-neurosis” of which he can be cured by the therapeutic work’ (Standard Edition, XII, pp. 147–56, at p. 154). See also transference.
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