The appearing of the Lord in glory during His earthly life, related in the Synoptic Gospels (Mt. 17: 1–13; Mk. 9: 2–13, and Lk. 9: 28–36) and alluded to in 2 Pet. 1: 16–18. This vision of Christ transfigured, with Moses and Elijah, was witnessed by Sts Peter, James, and John, and is described by the Evangelists as a historical event; some critics have suggested that it is a misplaced Resurrection appearance. The Feast of the Transfiguration, observed on 6 Aug., originated in the E. In the W. Callistus III ordered its general observance in commemoration of the victory over the Turks at Belgrade on 22 July 1456, news of which reached him on 6 Aug.
Subjects: Biblical Studies — Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).