transport theory

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The theory of phenomena involving the transfer of matter or heat. The calculation of transport coefficients and inverse transport coefficients, such as conductivity and viscosity, is an aim of transport theory. Calculations from first principles in transport theory start from nonequilibrium statistical mechanics. Because of the difficulties involved in calculations in nonequilibrium statistical mechanics, transport theory uses approximate methods, including the kinetic theory of gases and kinetic equations, such as the Boltzmann equation.

Subjects: Physics.

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