Joseph Trapp was born in Cherrington, Gloucestershire, in November 1679 and died on 22 November 1747. He seems to have received much of his early education from his father, also Joseph, but he later attended New College School, Oxford. He matriculated at Wadham College on 11 July 1695 (BA, 1699; MA, 1702) and became a Fellow in 1703. He is often remembered as being the first Professor of Poetry at Oxford, a post which he held from 14 July 1708 to 1718. He began his literary career as a poet and playwright, but it was the publication of his lectures as Professor of Poetry that established him as a learned and thoughtful writer. These lectures were published in 1711 and 1715 as Praelectiones poeticae and were translated into English by William Clarke and William Bowyer and published in 1742. In 1728 Trapp was awarded a DD. At the time of his death he held various ecclesiastical preferments, lectureships in several London churches, as well as the presidency of Sion College.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.