(1813–75), biblical scholar. A boy of exceptional talent, he devoted his spare time while at the Neath Abbey Iron Works in S. Wales to learning Greek, Hebrew, Aramaic, and Welsh. Returning to his native Falmouth, he joined the Plymouth Brethren, although he subsequently became a Presbyterian. In 1838 Tregelles formed the design for a new critical text of the NT which should replace the ‘textus receptus’, and thenceforward he was engaged in the collation of Greek texts, making very extensive travels for the purpose. An Account of the Printed Text of the Greek New Testament appeared in 1854, to be followed by the publication of all the NT, with the exception of Rev., by 1870. From 1862 Tregelles was in receipt of a Civil List pension.
From The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church in Oxford Reference.