Giovanni Trevano

(fl. c. 1600)

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(b Lugano; fl c. 1600; d Kraków, 1641–5). Italian architect, active in Poland. He appeared in Poland c. 1600 and worked almost exclusively for the king and for the bishops of Kraków. From 1607 he was Master of the Royal Works and later (1613) became the king's Surveyor. Between 1606–9 and 1613–19 Trevano supervised the construction, inspired by Il Gesù in Rome, of the Jesuit church of SS Peter and Paul, Kraków, which was begun in 1597 by Giuseppe Brizzio; according to a new design (after 1617) by Matteo Castelli (c. 1560–1632), Trevano added features reminiscent of S Andrea della Valle. The famous ashlar façade (?after 1619) shows the influence of the later works of Carlo Maderno (1555/6–1629), designed in collaboration with Castelli; it surpasses even contemporary Roman church façades with the perfection of its proportions. However, it is not certain that this was the work of Trevano; on the other hand the two works commissioned by Bishop Marcin Szyszkowski (d 1630) in Kraków Cathedral are certainly by Trevano. The bishop's tomb (1629–30) and the enormous baldacchino over the sepulchre of St Stanisław (1626–9) situated on the crossing both evoke late 16th-century artistic traditions of Rome and Maderno's later period. The baldacchino, realized as an openwork chapel with a dome, was based on Martino Ferabosco's unrealized design (before 1620) for the confessio of St Peter's, in Rome. Trevano was the earliest of the group of Italian architects to work for the Vasa dynasty of Polish kings. This group, which included the Castelli family, created the only offshoot north of the Alps of early Roman Baroque architecture, in the style of Maderno.

From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.

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