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The rostrum occupied by judges in the Roman Empire. Paul was several times brought before tribunals and accused by opponents. The proconsul Gallio sat in the court on a judge's bench at Corinth (Acts 18: 12–17) and dismissed the case. Paul was also tried before the tribunal (judgement-seat) in Caesarea (Acts 25: 6–21); and it happens that at Philippi excavations have revealed what may have been the tribunal before which Paul and Silas were accused by the owner of a slave girl with a spirit of divination (Acts 16: 16). The apostles were imprisoned but soon released and given an apology (Acts 16: 39).

Subjects: Biblical Studies.

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