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Trichterbecker Culture


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(TRB)

[CP]

Neolithic culture of the later 4th and 3rd millennia bc in northern Europe, the first Neolithic culture in the region, named after its characteristic pottery style, the funnel‐necked beaker, which has a globular body and out‐turned rim. Amphorae and flasks are also known in the ceramic repertoire. The origins of the TRB are thought to lie in the acculturation of local Mesolithic communities through contact with the Linear Pottery cultures (Linearbandkeramik) to the south. TRB settlements are poorly known, but enclosures such as Sarup in Denmark are now being recognized more widely. Burials are well known and include single graves in dysser in Scandinavia, Kujavian graves in Poland, and in later periods passage graves. Five main regional groups of the TRB have been identified: the western group in the Netherlands; the southern group in Germany; the southeastern group in the Czech Republic; the eastern group in Poland; and the northern group in Denmark. Ground stone axes and battle‐axes are known. Copper tools were made during later periods of the TRB in the southeastern group and distributed from there to surrounding regions. The TRB is succeeded by the Single Grave cultures.

Subjects: Archaeology.


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