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Poets composing narrative, dramatic, satyric, comic, and especially lyric verse in the north of France during the late 12th and 13th cents. They were either professional entertainers (overlapping with jongleurs), clercs, or feudal lords composing fashionable verse. Chrétien de Troyes was a clerc; other prominent trouvères were Conon de Béthune (d. c.1224), Gâce Brulé (d. c.1220), Blondel de Nesle (late 12th cent.), and Thibaut de Champagne, count of Champagne and king of Navarre. Their poetry was much influenced by that of the Provençal troubadours, one of whom, Bernart de Ventadorn, came north to the court of Eleanor of Aquitaine.

Subjects: Literature — Music.

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