A school of German NT theologians founded by F. C. Baur. It tried to apply G. W. F. Hegel's conception of development to primitive Christianity: the early Church was divided into ‘Petrinists’ (Jewish Christians) and ‘Paulinists’ (Gentile Christians), the cleavage between them being healed only in the later 2nd cent. (‘Catholicism’). Most NT Books were regarded as a product of the 2nd-cent. synthesis and therefore as of practically no historical value for the period to which they refer. The influence of the school was at its peak in the 1840s; its position has been generally abandoned. For the Catholic Tübingen School, see the previous entry.
Subjects: Biblical Studies.