Owen Tudor

(c. 1400—1461) courtier

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B. c.1400, s. of Meredudd Tudor and Margaret, da. of Dafydd Fychan; m. Catherine of Valois, wid. of Henry V, c.1428; issue: Edmund, Jasper, Owen, Margaret, Jacina; d. Feb. 1461; bur. Greyfriars, Hereford.

Owen Tudor was a gentleman of Catherine's household when he attracted her attention and made a secret marriage. After Catherine's death in 1437 he was shown some favour by Henry VI, and fought for the Lancastrians at Mortimer's Cross; captured in the battle, he was executed in Hereford market-place. His sons Edmund and Jasper were given greater recognition by their half-brother king Henry: Edmund was made earl of Richmond in 1452 and three years later was married to Margaret Beaufort, great-granddaughter of John of Gaunt; he died in 1456 but his posthumous son, Henry, acquired the throne in 1485 after his victory at Bosworth. Jasper Tudor, the second son, was created earl of Pembroke in 1452 and became the mainstay of the Lancastrian cause in Wales; he escaped from the defeat at Mortimer's Cross, and tried to organize resistance in Wales to Edward IV. He looked after his nephew Henry, and after Bosworth was created duke of Bedford, remaining an elder statesman of the new dynasty until his death in 1495.

Subjects: British History.

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