William Tudor


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(1750–1819) lawyer and first judge advocate of the Continental army. William Tudor was born in Boston, Massachusetts and received his M.A. from Harvard in 1772 after studying law with John Adams. Tudor established a law practice in Boston. After the Battle of Bunker Hill, George Washington appointed him a captain and judge advocate of the Continental army. Tudor's first task was to prosecute some officers accused of cowardice at the battle, and he accompanied Washington as one of his staff officers when the army moved to New York. Tudor persuaded Adams to get the Continental Congress to adopt a modified version of the British Articles of War. In August 1776 Tudor was promoted to lieutenant colonel and given the title judge advocate general, but he left the Army the next year to return to his law practice in Boston. He was active in civic and professional affairs there throughout the war, and afterwards served in a number of positions in the state government.

From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Warfare and Defence.

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