James Hack Tuke

(1819—1896) philanthropist

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(1819–96), an English Quaker banker and philanthropist who was active in the distribution of relief in Ireland during 1847 and again in 1880. On both occasions he published widely read and influential accounts of what he had witnessed. Irish Distress and its Remedies (1880) advocated peasant proprietorship, the development of poorer regions by means of light railways and the promotion of local industry, and assisted emigration. During 1882–4 Tuke promoted and managed a fund, raised from private and official sources, which financed the emigration of about 9,500 persons from areas worst hit by the agrarian depression.

From The Oxford Companion to Irish History in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: European History.

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