(1689–1746). One of the most determined Jacobite leaders. Second son to the 1st duke of Atholl, he became heir when his elder brother was killed at Malplaquet. He took part in the '15, fought at Sheriffmuir, was attainted, and fled to France. In 1717 he was created duke of Rannoch by James III, the Old Pretender. He returned to Scotland in 1719 and again escaped. Despite poor health, he embarked with Prince Charles in 1745 and was given the honour of unfurling the banner at Glenfinnan. His brother James, the duke, fled from Blair Atholl, and Murray was able to entertain the prince there. After Culloden he surrendered and was lodged in the Tower, where he died in July 1746. Lord George Murray was his younger brother.
From The Oxford Companion to British History in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: British History.